Available 28/1/2019. ONLY IN FRENCH.
They were called Sovereign of the Seas, Crown, Vasa, Royal Sun, Breverode, Seven Provinciën, Royal Prince, Fier, Saint-Philippe or Pompous, etc. Called non-rank ships, or 1st or 2nd rank ships according to the period, armed with 70 to 110 guns, they were destined to command squadrons or flotillas. Why build them? What were the master builders? What was the cost or the dif fi culties of achievements? If the idea of first-class ships comes to the English, Louis XIV with the first Saint-Philippe (1663- 1692) gives the French navy its first flagship, soon joined by the Sun-Royal, the Queen, the Saint- Spirit or the Pompous. They are eleven of rank 1st and 22 of second rank in 1672, 26 of 1st rank and 30 of 2nd rank in 1693, navigating in the Mediterranean like in North Sea. Backbone of the navy of Louis XIV, did they keep their promises? By forgetting the victories of Béveziers or Barfleur, it was too much to retain only the incendiary vessels of La Hougue. The study of the two Saint-Philippe challenges this vision of the navy of Louis XIV. Also built in Toulon, the Saint-Philippe No. 2 (1693-1712), flagship of Tourville in 1694, or the vice admiral d'Estrées in 1701 and 1702, is illustrated with the other vessels of first rank in Velez- Malaga in 1704 before playing a decisive role in the siege of Toulon in 1707 with his sister ship the Tonnant. Based on an iconography often unpublished from the largest museums in Europe and on original archives, Patrick Villiers, professor emeritus of the universities in maritime history, 5 times laureates of the Navy Academy, offers us a proofreading of the maritime clashes between France, Great Britain, the Netherlands and Spain from the 1630s to the Utrecht Treaties, commenting on naval architecture as well as crew roles, naval battles such as the melting of iron cannons from 24 and 36, through the prism of these wonderful flagships.
COMPOSITION OF THE WORK
Book in format 22x31 cm of 184 pages (sewn square back, paper 150 g) with 150 photos or engravings of which 144 pages in color.
Ch. 1 From Richelieu to Mazarin, the French navy and the arrival of the first-rate ships
Ch. 2 First-class ships facing the new challenges of the fight against Spain during the first Anglo-Dutch war
Ch. 3 The Second Anglo-Dutch War and the First Ranks (1661 -1672). The Saint-Philippe, 1st flagship of Louis XIV.
Ch. 4 First-class ships in action during the Dutch War 1672-1678
Ch. 5 The Saint Philip and the 1st rank ships of 1678 at Béveziers and La Hougue
Ch. 6 The new St Philip and the 1st rank ships 1693-1697
Ch. 7 The Saint Philip and the War of Spanish Succession: Velez-Malaga 1704 and the Siege of Toulon 1707
- Fleet of the Ponant in 1638
- Order of battle of the French fleets from 1672 to 1676 at Solebay, Schooneveldt, Texel, Messina, Alicudi and Palermo.
- Order of battle of the French fleet at Bantry, Béveziers and Barfleur
- Complete list of the 50 vessels of Tourville in 1694
- Characteristics of the French fleet at Velez-Malaga 1704
- Crew Role Saint-Philippe April 1704 and role of disarmament November 1704